Dr. Mark Greiner - Surface Structure Analysis

Dr. Mark Greiner
Head of Group Surface Structure Analysis
Department Heterogeneous Reactions


Diplom (Physikal. Chemie) McMaster University, Hamilton, Canada (2005)
M.Sc. (Surface Science) McMaster University, Hamilton, Canada (2007)
Ph.D. Department of Materials Science & Engineering, University of Toronto, Canada (2008-2012)
Postdoc Alexander von Humbold Stipendiat, Anorganische Chemie, Fritz-Haber Institut der Max-Planck Gesellschaft, Berlin (2012-2017)
Gruppenleiter MPI CEC (Heterogene Reaktionen) (seit 2017)


Download: Publikationsliste (.pdf)


  • Frei, E.; Gaur, A.; Lichtenberg, H.; Heine, C.; Friedrich, M.; Greiner, M.; Lunkenbein, T.; Grunwaldt, J.-D.; Schlögl, R. (2019). Activating a Cu/ZnO:Al Catalyst – much more than Reduction: Decomposition, Self‐doping and Polymorphism ChemCatChem 11(6), 1587-1592. https://doi.org/10.1002/cctc.201900069


  • Rodenas, T.; Beeg, S.; Spanos, I.; Neugebauer, S.; Girgsdies, F.; Algara-Siller, G.; Schleker, P.P.M.; Jakes, P.; Pfänder, N.; Willinger, M.; Greiner, M.; Prieto, G.; Schlögl, R.; Heumann, S. (2018). 2D Metal Organic Framework-Graphitic Carbon Nanocomposites as Precursors for High-Performance O2-Evolution Electrocatalysts Advanced Energy Materials, 8(35), 1802404. https://doi.org/10.1002/aenm.201802404
  • Greiner, M.T.; Jones, T.E.; Beeg, S.; Zwiener, L.; Scherzer, M.; Girgsdies, F.; Piccinin, S.; Armbrüster, Knop-Gericke, A.; Schlögl, R. (2018). Free-atom-like d states in single-atom alloy catalysts Nature Chemistry, 10, 1008-1015. https://doi.org/10.1038/s41557-018-0125-5
  • Cao, J.; Wang, Z.-J.; Huang, X.; Rinaldi, A.; Greiner, M.; Moldovan, G.; Joachimi, W.; Schlögl, R.; Willinger, M. (2018). The ESEM as In Situ Platform for the Study of Gas-Solid Interactions Microscopy and Microanalysis 24(S1), 344-345. https://doi.org/10.1017/S1431927618002210
  • Jones, T.E., Wyrwich R., Böcklein S., Carbonio E.A., Greiner M.T., Klyuschin A.Y., Moritz W., Locatelli A., Mentes T.O., Nino M.A., Knop-Gericke A., Schlögl R., Günther S., Wintterlin J., Piccinin S. (2018). The selective species in ethylene epoxidation on silver, ACS Catalysis, 8(5), 3844-3852.
  • Düngen, P.; Greiner, M.; Böhm, K.H.; Spanos, I.; Huang, X.; Auer, A.A.; Schlögl, R.; Heumann, S. (2018). Atomically dispersed vanadium oxides on multiwalled carbon nanotubes via atomic layer deposition: A multiparameter optimization Journal of Vacuum Science & Technology A, 36(1), 01A126. https://doi.org/10.1116/1.5006783
  • Chakrapani, K.; Bendt, G.; Hajiyani, H.; Lunkenbein, T.; Greiner, M.T.; Masliuk, L.; Salamon, S.; Landers, J.; Schlögl, R.; Wende, H.; Pentcheva, R.; Schulz, S.; Behrens, M. (2018). The Role of Composition of Uniform and Highly Dispersed Cobalt Vanadium Iron Spinel Nanocrystals for Oxygen Electrocatalysis ACS Catalysis, 8(2), 1259-1267. https://doi.org/10.1021/acscatal.7b03529
  • Greiner, M.T.; Cao, J.; Jones, T.E.; Beeg, S.; Skorupska, K.; Carbonio, E.A.; Sezen, H.; Amati, M.; Gregoratti, L.; Willinger, M.G.; Knop-Gericke, A.; Schlögl, R. (2018). Phase coexistence of multiple copper oxides on AgCu catalysts during ethylene epoxidation ACS Catalysis, 8(3), 2286-2295. https://doi.org/10.1021/acscatal.7b04187


  • Yi Y., Weinberg G., Prenzel M., Greiner M., Heumann S., Becker S., Schlögl R. (2017): Electrochemical corrosion of a glassy carbon electrode, Catalysis Today, 295, 32-40.
  • Greiner M.T., Jones T., Klyushin A., Knop-Gericke A., Schlögl R. (2017): Ethylene epoxidation at the phase transition of copper oxides, Journal of the American Chemical Society, 139(34), 11825-11832.


  • Klyushin A.; Greiner M.T.; Huang X, Lunkenbein T.; Li X.; Timpe O.; Friedrich M.; Hävecker M.; Knop-Gericke A.; Schlögl R. (2016): Is nanostructuring sufficient to get catalytically active Au? ACS Catalysis, 6, 3372-3380.
  • Pfeifer V., Jones T.E., Velasco Velez J.J., Massue C., Greiner M.T., Arrigo R., Teschner D., Girgsdies F., Scherzer M., Allan J., Hashagen M., Weinberg G., Piccinin S., Hävecker M., Knop-Gericke A., Schlögl R. (2016): The electronic structure of iridium oxide electrodes active in water splitting. Physical Chemistry Chemical Physics, 18(4), 2292-6.
  • Roiaz M.; Monachino E.; Dri C.; Greiner M.T.; Knop-Gericke A.; Schlögl R.; Comelli G.; Vesselli E. (2016): Reverse water-gas shift or Sabatier methanation on Ni(110)? Stable surface species at near-ambient presssure. Journal of the American Chemical Society, 138(12), 4146-4154.
  • Pfeifer V.; Jones T.E, Velasco-Vélez J.J.; Massué C.; Arrigo R.; Teschner D.; Girgsdies F.; Scherzer M.; Greiner M.T.; Allan J.; Hashagen M.; Weinberg G.; Piccinin S.; Hävecker M.; Schlögl R.; Knop-Gericke A. (2016): The electronic structure of iridium and its oxides, Surface and Interface Analysis, 48(5), 261-273.


  • Greiner M.T.; Jones T.E.; Johnson B.E.; Rocha T.C.R.; Wang Z.J.; Armbrüster M.; Willinger M.; Knop-Gericke A.; Schlögl R. (2015): The oxidation of copper catalysts during ethylene epoxidation. Physical Chemistry Chemical Physics, 25073-25089.


  • Blume R.; Kidambi P.R.; Bayer B.C.; Weatherup R.S.; Wang Z.J.; Weinberg G.; Willinger M.G.; Greiner M.T.; Hofmann S.; Knop-Gericke A.; Schlögl R. (2014): The influence of intercalated oxygen on the properties of graphene on polycrystalline Cu under various environmental conditions. Physical Chemistry Chemical Physics, 16, 25989-26003.
  • Monachino E.; Greiner M.; Knop-Gericke A.; Schlögl R.; Dri C.; Vesselli E.; Comelli G. (2014): Reactivity of Carbon Dioxide on Nickel: Role of CO in the Competing Interplay between Oxygen and Graphene, Journal of Physical Chemistry Letters, 5(11), 1929-1934.
  • Indra A.; Greiner M.; Knop-Gericke A.; Schlögl R.; Avnir D.; Driess M. (2014): High Catalytic Synergism between the Components of the Rhenium Complex@Silver Hybrid Material in Alkene Epoxidations, ChemCatChem, 6(7), 1935-1939.
  • Greiner M.T.; Rocha T.C.R.; Johnson B.; Klyushin A.; Knop-Gericke A.; Schlögl R. (2014): The oxidation of rhenium and identification of rhenium oxides during catalytic partial oxidation of ethylene: An in-situ XPS study, Zeitschrift für Physicalische Chemie, 228(4-5), 421-541.
  • Chai L.; White R.T.; Greiner M.T.; Lu Z.H. (2014): Experimental demonstration of the universal energy level alignment rule at oxide/organic semiconductor interfaces, Physical Review B, 89, 035202.


  • Tang W.M.; Ng W.T, Greiner M.T.; Qiu J.; Helander M.G.; Lu Z.H. (2013): Comparison of CuPc-based organic thin-film transistors made by different dielectric structures, Journal of Vacuum Science and Technology B, 31, 012201.
  • Greiner M.T.; Lu Z.H. (2013): Thin-film metal oxides in organic semiconductor devices: their electronic structures, work functions and interfaces, NPG Asia Materials, 5, e55.
  • Greiner M.T.; Chai L.; Helander M.G.; Tang W.M.; Lu Z.H. (2013): Metal/metal-oxide interfaces: How metal contacts affect the work function and band structure of MoO3, Advanced Functional Materials, 23(2), 215.


  • Greiner M.T.; Chai L.; Helander M.G.; Tang W.M.; Lu Z.H. (2012): Transition metal oxide work functions: The effects of defect states and cation oxidation state, Advanced Functional Materials, 22(21) 4557.
  • Greiner M.T.; Helander M.G.; Tang W.M.; Wang Z.B.; Qiu J.; Lu Z.H. (2012): Universal energy-level alignment of molecules on metal oxides, Nature Materials 11, 76.
  • Tang W.M.; Helander M.G.; Greiner M.T.; Lu Z.H.; Ng W.T. (2012): Effects of annealing time on the performance of OTFT on glass with ZrO2 as gate dielectric, Active and Passive Electronic Components 2012, 901076.


  • Helander M.G.; Greiner M.T.; Wang Z.B.; Lu Z.H. (2011): Binding energy scale calibration of electron spectrometers for photoelectron spectroscopy using a single sample, Review of Scientific Instruments 82, 096107.
  • Tang W.M.; Greiner M.T.; Lu Z.H.; Ng W.T.; Nam H.G. (2011): Effects of UV-ozone treatment on radio-frequency magnetron sputtered ZnO thin films, Thin Solid Films 520, 569.
  • Tang W.M.; Greiner M.T.; Helander M.G.; Lu Z.H.; Ng W.T. (2011): Effects of interfacial oxide layers of the electrode metals on the electrical characteristics of organic thin-film transistors with HfO2 gate dielectric, Journal of Applied Physics 110, 044108.
  • Wang Z.B.; Helander M.G.; Qiu J.; Puzzo D.P.; Greiner M.T.; Hudson Z.M.; Wang S.; Liu Z.W. and Lu Z.H. (2011): Unlocking the full potential of organic light emitting diodes on flexible plastic, Nature Photonics 5, 753.
  • Helander M.G.; Wang Z.B, Qiu J.; Greiner M.T.; Puzzo D.P.; Liu Z.W.; Lu Z.H. (2011): Chlorinated Indium Tin Oxide Electrodes with High Work Function for Organic Device Compatibility, Science 332, 944.
  • Helander M.G.; Greiner M.T.; Wang Z.B.; Tang W.M.; Lu Z.H. (2011): Work function of fluorine doped tin oxide", Journal of Vacuum Science and Technology A 29, 011019.
  • Wang Z.B.; Helander M.G.; Qiu J.; Puzzo D.P.; Greiner M.T.; Liu Z.W.; Lu Z.H. (2011): Highly simplified phosphorescent organic light emitting diode with > 20% external quantum efficiency at > 10,000 cd/m2, Applied Physics Letters 98, 073310


  • Greiner M.T.; Helander M.G.; Wang Z.B.; Tang W.M.; Lu Z.H. (2010): Effects of processing conditions on the work function and energy-level alignment of NiO thin films, Journal of Physical Chemistry C 114, 19777.
  • Wang Z.B.; Helander M.G.; Qiu J.; Liu Z.W.; Greiner M.T.; Lu Z.H. (2010): Direct hole injection in to 4,4'-N,N'-dicarbazole-biphenyl: A simple pathway to achieve efficient organic light emitting diodes, Journal of Applied Physics 108, 024510.
  • Wang Z.B.; Helander M.G.; Greiner M.T.; Lu Z.H. (2010): The impact of the Fermi-Dirac distribution on charge injection at metal/organic interfaces, Journal of Chemical Physics 132, 174708.
  • Tang W.M.; Ng W.T.; Helander M.G.; Greiner M.T.; Lu Z.H. (2010): UV-ozone passivation of the metal/dielectric interface for HfO2-based organic thin film transistors, Journal of Vacuum Science and Technology B 28, 1100.
  • Debnath R.; Greiner M.T.; Kramer I.J.; Fischer A.; Tiang J.; Barkhouse D.A.R.; Wang X.; Levina L.; Lu Z.H.; Sargent E.H. (2010): Depleted-heterojunction colloidal quantum dot photovoltaics employing low-cost electrical contacts, Applied Physics Letters 97, 023109.
  • Helander M.G.; Greiner M.T.; Wang Z.B.; Qiu J.; Lu Z.H.; (2010): Effect of electrostatic screening on apparent shifts in photoemission spectra near metal/organic interfaces, Physical Review B 81, 153308.
  • Greiner M.T.; Helander M.G.; Wang Z.B.; Tang M.W.; Qiu J.; Lu Z.H. (2010): A metallic molybdenum sub-oxide buffer layer for organic electronics devices, Applied Physics Letters 96, 213302.
  • Helander M.G.; Wang Z.B.; Greiner M.T.; Liu Z.W.; Qiu J.; Lu Z.H. (2010): Oxidized Au thin films: An effective material for high performance flexible organic optoelectronics, Advanced Materials 22, 2037.
  • Gao D.; Helander M.G.; Wang Z.B.; Puzzo D.P.; Greiner M.T.; Lu Z.H. (2010): C60:LiF blocking layer for environmentally stable bulk heterojunction solar cells, Advanced Materials 22, 5404.
  • Wang Z.B.; Helander M.G.; Greiner M.T.; Qiu J.; Lu Z.H. (2010): Carrier mobility of organic semiconductors based on current-voltage characteristics, Journal of Applied Physics 107, 034506.
  • Wang Z.B.; Helander M.G.; Liu Z.W.; Greiner M.T.; Qiu J.; Lu Z.H. (2010): Controlling carrier accumulation and exciton formation in organic light emitting diodes, Applied Physics Letters 96, 043303.


  • Helander M.G.; Greiner M.T.; Wang Z.B.; and Lu Z.H. (2009): Pitfalls in measuring work function using photoelectron spectroscopy, Applied Surface Science 256, 2602.
  • Wang Z.B.; Helander M.G.; Greiner M.T.; Qiu J.; Lu Z.H. (2009): Analysis of charge-injection characteristics at electrode-organic interfaces: Case study of transition-metal oxides, Physical Review B 80, 235325.
  • Greiner M.T.; Helander M.G.; Wang Z.B.; Lu Z.H. (2009): Transfer-arm evaporator for rapid loading and deposition of organic thin films, Review of Scientific Instruments 80, 125101.
  • Helander M.G.; Wang Z.B.; Greiner M.T.; Liu Z.W.; Lian K.; Lu Z.H. (2009): The effect of UV ozone treatment on poly(3,4-ethylenedioxythiophene):poly-(styrenesulfonate), Applied Physics Letters 95, 173302.
  • Helander M.G.; Wang Z.B.; Greiner M.T.; Qiu J.; Lu Z.H. (2009): Substrate dependent charge injection at the V2O5/organic interface, Applied Physics Letters 95, 083301.
  • Helander M.G.; Greiner M.T.; Wang Z.B.; Lu Z.H. (2009): Band alignment at the hybrid heterojunction between S-passivated III-V semiconductors and C60, Journal of Applied Physics 106, 056105.
  • Helander M.G.; Greiner M.T.; Wang Z.B.; Lu Z.H. (2009): Angle-dependent ultraviolet photoelectron spectroscopy of sputter cleaned polycrystalline noble metals, Applied Surface Science 255, 9553.
  • Wang Z.B.; Helander M.G.; Greiner M.T.; Lu Z.H. (2009): Energy-level alignment and charge injection at metal/C60/organic interfaces, Applied Physics Letters 95, 043302.
  • Helander M.G.; Wang Z.B.; Greiner M.T.; Qiu J.; Lu Z.H. (2009): Experimental design for the determination of the injection barrier height at metal/organic interfaces using temperature dependent current-voltage measurements, Review of Scientific Instruments 80, 033901.


  • Murdoch G.B.; Greiner M.T.; Helander M.G.; Wang Z.B.; Lu Z.H. (2008): A comparison of CuO and Cu2O hole injection layers for low voltage organic devices, Applied Physics Letters 93, 083309.
  • Greiner M.T.; Festin M.; Kruse P. (2008): Investigation of corrosion-inhibiting aniline oligomer thin films on iron using photoelectron spectroscopy, Journal of Physical Chemistry C, 112 (48), 18991-19004.


  • Wei G.; Greiner M. T.; and Kruse P. (2007): Imaging of Pristine and Functionalized Carbon Nanotubes by Scanning Tunneling Microscopy, Journal of Scanning Probe Microscopy, 2, 51-57.
  • Greiner M.T.; Kruse P. (2007): Recrystallization of tungsten wire for fabrication of sharp and stable nanoprobe and field-emitter tips, Review of Scientific Instruments 78(2) 026104.
  • Singh S.; Greiner M.T.; Kruse P. (2007): Robust inorganic membranes from detachable ultrathin tantalum oxide films, Nano Letters, 7(9) 2676-2683.
  • El-Sayed H.; Greiner M.T.; Kruse P. (2007): Selective electroplating of copper lines on pre-patterned tantalum oxide thin films, Applied Surface Science, 253(22) 8962-8968.


  • El-Sayed H.; Singh S.; Greiner M.T.; Kruse P. (2006): Formation of highly ordered arrays of dimples on tantalum at the nanoscale, Nano Letters, 6(12) 2995-2999.

Group members


  • Dr. Rachel Leanne Nicholls
  • Dr. Catherine Ranjitha Rajamathi
  • Dr. Xiaoyan Sun

PhD students

Lab staff

  • Gudrun Klihm
  • Alina-Denise Rettke

Surface Structure Analysis

A detailled discription of the group "Surface Structure Analysis" will come soon.