Heterogeneous Reactions - Prof. Dr. Robert Schlögl

Prof. Dr. Robert Schlögl
Managing Director
Department Heterogeneous Reactions


DiplomMaximilians University Munich (1979)
Dr. rer. nat.Maximilians University Munich (1982)
PostdocHeterogeneous Catalysis, Cambridge University (with Sir J. Meurig Thomas); Physics, Switzerland (with Prof. H.J. Güntherodt) (1982 - 1983)
Group LeaderHoffmann La Roche AG, Basle, Switzerland
HabilitationStructure of industrial ammonia-synthesis catalysts (with Prof. Gerhard Ertl), FHI Berlin
ProfessorInorganic Chemistry, University of Frankfurt (1989 - 1994)
DirectorFritz Haber Institute of the MPG (since 1994)
Honorary ProfessorTechnische Universität Berlin (since 1994)
Honorary ProfessorHumboldt-Universität Berlin (since 1998)
Founding DirectorMPI CEC (since 2011)
Honorary ProfessorUniversity Duisburg-Essen (since 2013)


List of Invited Talks since 1994

Download (.pdf)


"How do we refuel our cars tomorrow?"
Talk at info day 'Synthetic Fuels - Options for Sustainable Mobility'
DECHEMA, March 27, 2019


Full publications list

Selected MPI CEC publications

  • Velasco-Vélez, J.J., Chuang, C.-H., Gao, D., Zhu, Q., Ivanov, D., Jeon, H.S., Arrigo, R., Mom, R.V., Stotz, E., Wu, H.-L., Jones, T.E., Roldan Cuenya, B., Knop-Gericke, A., Schlögl, R. (2020). On the activity/selectivity and phase-stability of thermally-grown copper oxides during the electrocatalytic reduction of CO2 ACS Catalysis https://doi.org/10.1021/acscatal.0c03484
  • Zeradjanin, A.R., Spanos, I., Masa, J., Rohwerder, M., Schlögl, R. (2020). Perspective on experimental evaluation of adsorption energies at solid/liquid interfaces Journal of Solid State Electrochemistry https://doi.org/10.1007/s10008-020-04815-8
  • Fuentes-Landete, V., Rasti, S., Schlögl, R., Meyer, J., Loerting, T. (2020). Calorimetric Signature of Deuterated Ice II: Turning an Endotherm to an Exotherm The Journal of Physical Chemistry Letters https://doi.org/10.1021/acs.jpclett.0c02368
  • Salazar Gómez, J.I., Klucken, C., Sojka, M., von der Waydbrink, G., Schlögl, R., Ruland, H. (2020). The HüGaProp‐Container: Analytical Infrastructure for the Carbon2Chem® Challenge Chemie Ingenieur Technik https://doi.org/10.1002/cite.202000101
  • Sánchez-Bastardo, N., Schlögl, R., Ruland, H. (2020). Methane Pyrolysis for CO2‐Free H2 Production: A Green Process to Overcome Renewable Energies Unsteadiness Chemie Ingenieur Technik https://doi.org/10.1002/cite.202000029
  • Schlögl, R. (2020). Chemische Batterien mit CO2 Angewandte Chemie International Edition https://doi.org/10.1002/anie.202007397
  • Salazar Gómez, J.I., Takhtehfouladi, E.S., Schlögl, R., Ruland, H. (2020). Design and Implementation of a Gas Generating System for Complex Gas Mixtures and Calibration Gases Chemie Ingenieur Technik https://doi.org/10.1002/cite.202000110
  • Falling, L.J., Mom, R.V., Sandoval Diaz, L.E., Nakhaie, S., Stotz, E., Ivnaov, D., Hävecker, M., Lunkenbein, T., Knop-Gericke, A., Schlögl, R., Velasco-Vélez, J.-J. (2020). Graphene-capped liquid thin films for electrochemical operando X-ray spectroscopy and scanning electron microscopy ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces 12(33), 37680-37692. https://doi.org/10.1021/acsami.0c08379
  • He, J., Laudenschleger, D., Schittkowski, J., Machoke, A., Song, H., Muhler, M., Schlögl, R., Ruland, H. (2020). Influence of Contaminants in Steel Mill Exhaust Gases on Cu/ZnO/Al2O3 Catalysts Applied in Methanol Synthesis Chemie Ingenieur Technik https://doi.org/10.1002/cite.202000045
  • Folke, M., Song, H., Schittkowski, J., Schlögl, R., Ruland, H. (2020). Oxygen Poisoning in Laboratory Testing of Iron‐Based Ammonia Synthesis Catalysts and its Potential Sources Chemie Ingenieur Technik https://doi.org/10.1002/cite.202000100
  • Cao, J., Plodinec, M., Huang, X., Willinger, E., Hammud, A., Hieke, S., Beeg, S., Greogoratti, L., Clobea, C., Schlögl, R., Antonietti, M., Greiner, M., Willinger, M. (2020). In situ observation of oscillatory redox dynamics of copper Nature Communications 11, 3554. https://doi.org/10.1038/s41467-020-17346-7
  • Schlögl, R. (2020). Chemisch-katalytische Konversion CO2 und CO – Nachhaltige Kohlenstoffquellen für die Kreislaufwirtschaft 77-98. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-662-60649-0_6
  • Hetaba, W., Klyushin, A.Y., Falling, L.J., Shin, D., Mechler, A.K., Willinger, M.-G., Schlögl, R. (2020). Investigation of Electrocatalysts Produced by a Novel Thermal Spray Deposition Method Materials 13(12), 2746. https://doi.org/10.3390/ma13122746
  • Koch, G., Hävecker, M., Teschner, D., Carey, S.J., Wang, Y., Kube, P., Hetaba, W., Lunkenbein, T., Auffermann, G., Timpe, O., Rosowski, F., Schlögl, R., Trunschke, A. (2020). Surface Conditions that Constrain Alkane Oxidation on Perovskites ACS Catalysis 10(13), 7007-7020. https://doi.org/10.1021/acscatal.0c01289
  • Velasco-Vélez, J.-J., Mom, R.K., Sandoval, L., Falling, L.J., Chuang, C.-H., Gao, D., Jones, T.E., Zhu, Q., Arrigo, R., Cuenya, B.R., Knop-Gericke, A., Lunkenbein, T., Schlögl, R. (2020). Revealing the active phase of copper during the electroreduction of CO2 in aqueous electrolyte by correlating in situ X-ray spectroscopy and in situ electron microscopy ACS Energy Letters 5(6), 2106-2111. https://doi.org/10.1021/acsenergylett.0c00802
  • Antonyshyn, I., Barrios Jiménez, A.M., Sichevych, O., Burkhardt, U., Veremchuk, I., Schmidt, M., Ormeci, A., Spanos, I., Tarasov, A., Teschner, D., Algara-Siller, G., Schlögl, R., Grin, Y. (2020). Al2Pt for Oxygen Evolution in Water Splitting: a Strategy for Creating Multi‐functionality in Electrocatalysis Angewandte Chemie International Edition 59(38), 16770-16776. https://doi.org/10.1002/anie.202005445
  • Lamoth, M., Gries, T., Girgsdies, F., Seitz, F., Hashagan, M., Rosowski, F., Schlögl, R., Frei, E. (2020). Transition of 2‐D to 3‐D SBA‐15 by high temperature fluoride addition and its impact on the surface reactivity probed by isopropanol conversion Chemistry – A European Journal https://doi.org/10.1002/chem.202001646
  • Ding, Y., Greiner, M., Schlögl, R., Heumann, S. (2020). A Metal Free Electrode: From Biomass Derived Carbon to Hydrogen ChemSusChem 13(16), 4064-4048. https://doi.org/10.1002/cssc.202000714
  • Frei, E., Gaur, A., Lichtenberg, H., Zwiener, L., Scherzer, M., Girgsdies, F., Lunkenbein, T., Schlögl, R. (2020). Cu‐Zn alloy formation as unfavored state for efficient methanol catalysts ChemCatChem 12(16), 4029-4033. https://doi.org/10.1002/cctc.202000777
  • Schweinar, K., Beeg, S., Hartwig, C., Rajamathi, C.R., Kasian, O., Piccinin, S., Prieto, M.J., Tanase, L.C., Gottlob, D.M., Schmidt, T., Raabe, D., Schlögl, R., Gault, B., Jones, T.E., Greiner, M.T. (2020). Formation a 2D meta-stable oxide by differential oxidation of AgCu alloys ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces 12(20), 23595-23605. https://doi.org/10.1021/acsami.0c03963
  • Heenemann, M., Millet, M-M., Girgsdies, F., Eichelbaum, M., Risse, T., Schlögl, R., Jones, T.E, Frei, E. (2020). The mechanism of interfacial CO2 activation on Al doped Cu/ZnO ACS Catalysis 10(10), 5672-5680. https://doi.org/10.1021/acscatal.0c00574
  • Lamoth, M., Jones, T., Plodinec, M., Machoke, A., Wrabetz, S., Krämer, M., Karpov, A., Rosowski, F., Piccinin, S., Schlögl, R., Frei. E. (2020). Nanocatalysts unravel the selective state of Ag ChemCatChem 12(11), 2977-2988. https://doi.org/10.1002/cctc.202000035
  • Ruland, H., Song, H., Laudenschleger, D., Stürmer, S., Schmidt, S., He, J., Kähler, K., Muhler, M., Schlögl, R. (2020). CO2 hydrogenation with Cu/ZnO/Al2O3: A benchmark study ChemCatChem 12(12), 3216-3222. https://doi.org/10.1002/cctc.202000195
  • Sandoval-Diaz, L., Plodinec, M., Ovanov, D., Poitel, S., Hammud, A., Nerl, H.C., Schlögl, R., Lunkenbein, T. (2020). Visualizing the importance of oxide-metal phase transitions in the production of synthesis gas over Ni catalysts Journal of Energy Chemistry 50, 178-186. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jechem.2020.03.013
  • Lunkenbein, T., Masliuk, L., Plodinec, M., Algara-Siller, G., Jung, S., Jastak, M., Kube, P., Trunschke, A., Schlögl, R. (2020). Site specific and localized structural displacements in open structured multimetallic oxides Nanoscale 12(12), 6759-6766. https://doi.org/10.1039/C9NR09041J
  • Plodinec, M., Nerl, H.C., Farra, R., Willinger, M.G., Stotz, E., Schlögl, R., Lunkenbein, T. (2020). Versatile Homebuilt Gas Feed and Analysis System for Operando TEM of Catalysts at Work Microscopy and Microanalysis 26(2), 220-228. https://doi.org/10.1017/S143192762000015X
  • Plodinec, M., Nerl, H.C., Girgsdies, F., Schlögl, R., Lunkenbein, T. (2020). Insights into Chemical Dynamics and Their Impact on the Reactivity of Pt Nanoparticles during CO Oxidation by Operando TEM ACS Catalysis 10(5), 3183-3193. https://doi.org/10.1021/acscatal.9b03692
  • Tarasov, A.V., Klyushin, A.Y., Friedrich, M., Girgsdies, F., Schlögl, R., Frei, E. (2020). Oxygen Diffusion in Cu-based Catalysts: A Probe for Metal Support Interactions Applied Catalysis A: General 594, 117460. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.apcata.2020.117460
  • Carbonio, E.A., Velasco-Vélez, J.J., Schlögl, R., Knop-Gericke, A. (2020). Perspective—Outlook on Operando Photoelectron and Absorption Spectroscopy to Probe Catalysts at the Solid-Liquid Electrochemical Interface Journal of the Electrochemical Society 167(5), 054509. https://doi.org/10.1149/1945-7111/ab68d2
  • Park, H., Uluca-Yazgi, B., Heumann, S., Schlögl, R., Granwehr, J., Heise, H., Schleker, P.P.M. (2020). Heteronuclear cross-relaxation effect modulated by the dynamics of N-functional groups in the solid state under 15N DP-MAS DNP Journal of Magnetic Resonance 312, 106688. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jmr.2020.106688
  • Anke, S., Falk, T., Bendt, G., Sinev, I., Hävecker, M., Antoni, H., Zegkinoglou, I., Jeon, H., Knop-Gericke, A., Schlögl, R., Cuenya, B.R., Schulz, S., Muhler, M. (2020). On the reversible deactivation of cobalt ferrite spinel nanoparticles applied in selective 2-propanol oxidation Journal of Catalysis 382, 57-68. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jcat.2019.12.007
  • Köck, E.-M., Bernard, J., Podewitz, M., Dinu, D.F., Huber, R.G., Liedl, K.R., Grothe, H., Bertel, E., Schlögl, R., Loerting, T. (2020). Alpha carbonic acid revisited: Carbonic acid monomethyl ester as a solid and its conformational isomerism in the gas phase Chemistry – A European Journal 26(1), 285-305. https://doi.org/10.1002/chem.201904142
  • Ding, Y., Gu, Q., Klyushin, A., Huang, X., Choudhury, S.H., Spanos, I., Song, F., Mom, R., Düngen, P., Mechler, A.K., Schlögl, R., Heumann, S. (2020). Dynamic carbon surface chemistry: revealing the role of carbon in electrolytic water oxidation Journal of Energy Chemistry 47, 155-159. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jechem.2019.12.006
  • Nong H.N., Tran, H.P., Spöri, C., Klingenhof, M., Frevel, L., Jones, T.R., Cottre, T., Jaegermann, W., Schlögl, R., Teschner, D., Strasser, P. (2020). The Role of Surface Hydroxylation, Lattice Vacancies and Bond Covalency in the Electrochemical Oxidation of Water (OER) on Ni-Depleted Iridium Oxide Catalysts Zeitschrift für Physikalische Chemie 234(5), 787-812. https://doi.org/10.1515/zpch-2019-1460
  • Kraus, P., Massué, C., Heumann, S., Schlögl, R. (2019). Reliable long-term performance assessment of commercial photovoltaic modules tested under field conditions over 5 years Journal of Renewable and Sustainable Energy 11, 063501. https://doi.org/10.1063/1.5128171
  • Salazar Gómez, J.I., Klucken, C., Sojka, M., Masliuk, L., Lunkenbein, T., Schlögl, R., Ruland, H. (2019). Elucidation of artefacts in proton-transfer-reaction time-of-flight mass spectrometers Journal of Mass Spectrometry 54(12), 987-1002. https://doi.org/10.1002/jms.4479
  • Park, H., Schleker, P.P.M., Liu, Z., Kowalew, N., Stamm, T., Schlögl, R., Eichel, R.-A., Heumann, S., Granwehr, J. (2019). Insights on Water Interaction at the Interface of Nitrogen Functionalized Hydrothermal Carbons The Journal of Physical Chemistry C 23(41), 25146-25156. https://doi.org/10.1021/acs.jpcc.9b05323
  • Amakawa, K., Wang, Y., Kröhnert, J., Schlögl, R., Trunschke, A. (2019). Acid sites on silica-supported molybdenum oxides probed by ammonia adsorption: Experiment and theory Molecular Catalysis 478, 110580. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.mcat.2019.110580
  • Götsch, T., Köpfle, N., Schlicker, L., Carbonio, E.A., Hävecker, M., Knop-Gericke, A., Schlögl, R., Bekheet, M.F., Gurlo, A., Doran, A., Bernardi, J., Klötzer, B., Penner, S. (2019). Treading in the Limited Stability Regime of Lanthanum Strontium Ferrite — Reduction, Phase Change and Exsolution ECS Transactions 91(1), 1771-1781. https://doi.org/10.1149/09101.1771ecst
  • Millet, M.-M., Tarasov, A.V., Girgsdies, F., Algara-Siller, G., Schlögl, R., Frei, E. (2019). Highly dispersed Ni0/NixMg1-xO catalysts derived from solid solutions: How metal and support control the CO2 hydrogenation ACS Catalysis 9, 8534-8546. https://doi.org/10.1021/acscatal.9b02332
  • Spanos, I., Tesch, M.F., Yu, M., Tüysüz, H., Zhang, J., Feng, X., Müllen, K., Schlögl, R., Mechler, A.K. (2019). A facile protocol for alkaline electrolyte purification and its influence on a Ni-Co oxide catalyst for the oxygen evolution reaction ACS Catalysis 9, 8165-8170. https://doi.org/10.1021/acscatal.9b01940
  • Huang, X., Farra, R., Schlögl, R., Willinger, M.-G. (2019). Growth and Termination Dynamics of Multi-Walled Carbon Nanotubes at Near Ambient Pressure: An In Situ TEM Study Nano Letters 19(8), 5380-5387. https://doi.org/10.1021/acs.nanolett.9b01888
  • Abdel-Mageed, A.M., Klyushin, A., Knop-Gericke, A., Schlögl, R., Behm, R.J. (2019). Influence of CO on the Activation, O-Vacancy Formation, and Performance of Au/ZnO Catalysts in CO2 Hydrogenation to Methanol The Journal of Physical Chemistry Letters 10, 3645-3653. https://doi.org/10.1021/acs.jpclett.9b00925
  • Ding, Y., Schlögl, R., Heumann, S. (2019). The role of supported atomically distributed metal species in electrochemistry and how to create them ChemElectroChem 6(15), 3860-3877. https://doi.org/10.1002/celc.201900598
  • Dilla, M., Moustakas, N.G., Becerikli, A.E., Peppel, T., Springer, A., Schlögl, R., Strunk, J., Ristig, S. (2019). Judging the feasibility of TiO2 as photocatalyst for chemical energy conversion by quantitative reactivity determinants Physical Chemistry Chemical Physics 21, 13144-13150. doi.org/10.1039/c9cp00981g
  • Tarasov, A., Seitz, F., Schlögl, R., Frei, E. (2019). In-situ quantification of reaction adsorbates in low-temperature methanol synthesis on a high performance Cu/ZnO:Al catalyst ACS Catalysis 9(6), 5537-5544. https://doi.org/10.1021/acscatal.9b01241
  • Scherzer, M., Girgsdies, F., Stotz, E., Willinger, M.-G., Frei, E., Schlögl, R., Pietsch, U., Lunkenbein, T. (2019). Electrochemical Surface Oxidation of Copper Studied by In Situ Grazing Incidence X-ray Diffraction The Journal of Physical Chemistry C 123, 13253-13262. https://doi.org/10.1021/acs.jpcc.9b00282
  • Huang, X., Teschner, D., Dimitrakopoulou, M., Fedorov, A., Frank, B.,Kraehnert, R., Rosowski, F., Kaiser, H., Schunk, S., Kuretschka, C., Schlögl, R., Willinger, M.-G., Trunschke, A. (2019). Atomic Scale Observation of the Metal-Promoter Interaction in Rh-Based Syngas Upgrading Catalysts Angewandte Chemie International Edition 58(26), 8709-8713. https://doi.org/10.1002/anie.201902750 
  • Wernbacher, A.M., Kube, P., Hävecker, M., Schlögl, R., Trunschke, A. (2019). Electronic and Dielectric Properties of MoV-Oxide (M1 Phase) under Alkane Oxidation Conditions The Journal of Physical Chemistry C 123, 13269-13282. https://doi.org/10.1021/acs.jpcc.9b01273
  • Dilla, M., Jakubowski, A., Ristig, S., Strunk, J., Schlögl, R. (2019). The Fate of O2 in Photocatalytic CO2 Reduction on TiO2 under Conditions of Highest Purity Physical Chemistry Chemical Physics 21, 15949-15957. https://doi.org/10.1039/c8cp07765g
  • Fu, T., Wang, Y., Wernbacher, A.M., Schlögl, R., Trunschke, A. (2019). Single-site vanadyl species isolated within molybdenum oxide monolayers in propane oxidation ACS Catalysis 9, 4875–4886. https://doi.org/10.1021/acscatal.9b00326
  • Abdel-Mageed, A.M., Klyushin, A., Rezvani, A., Knop-Gericke, A., Schlögl, R., Behm, R.J. (2019). Negative Charging of Au Nanoparticles during Methanol Synthesis from CO2/H2 on a Au/ZnO Catalyst: Insights from Operando Infrared and Near‐ambient Pressure XPS and XAS Angewandte Chemie International Edition 131(30), 10431-10436. https://doi.org/10.1002/ange.201900150
  • Lin, Y., Lu, Q., Song, F., Yu, L., Mechler, A.K., Schlögl, R., Heumann, S. (2019). Oxygen Evolution Reaction at Carbon Edge Sites: Activity Evolution and Structure‐Function Relationships Clarified by Polycyclic Aromatic Hydrocarbons Angewandte Chemie International Edition 58(26), 8917-8921. https://doi.org/10.1002/anie.201902884
  • Lamoth, M., Plodinec, M., Scharfenberg, L., Wrabetz, S., Girgsdies, F., Jones, T., Rosowski, F., Horn, R., Schlögl, R., Frei, E. (2019). Supported Ag Nanoparticles and Clusters for CO Oxidation: Size Effects and Influence of the Silver-Oxygen Interactions ACS Applied Nano Materials 2, 2909-2920. https://doi.org/10.1021/acsanm.9b00344
  • Zwiener, L., Jones, T., Wolf, E.H., Girgsdies, F., Plodinec, M., Klyushin, A.Y., Willinger, E., Rosowski, F., Schlögl, R., Frei, E. (2019). Synthesis and characterization of Ag-delafossites AgBO2 (B: Al, Ga, In) from rapid hydrothermal process European Journal of Inorganic Chemistry 2019(18), 2333-2345. https://doi.org/10.1002/ejic.201900052
  • Zwiener, L., Girgsdies, F., Brennecke, D., Teschner, D., Machoke, A.G.F., Schlögl, R., Frei, E. (2019). Evolution of zincian malachite synthesis by low temperature co-precipitation and its catalytic impact on the methanol synthesis Applied Catalysis B: Environmental 249, 218-226. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.apcatb.2019.02.023
  • Lee, S., Halder, A., Ferguson, G.A., Seifert, S., Winans, R.E., Teschner, D., Schlögl, R., Papaefthimiou, Greeley, J., Curtiss, L.A., Vajda, S. (2019). Subnanometer cobalt oxide clusters as selective low temperature oxidative dehydrogenation catalysts Nature Communications 10, 954. https://doi.org/10.1038/s41467-019-08819-5
  • Frei, E., Gaur, A., Lichtenberg, H., Heine, C., Friedrich, M., Greiner, M., Lunkenbein, T., Grunwaldt, J.-D., Schlögl, R. (2019). Activating a Cu/ZnO:Al Catalyst – much more than Reduction: Decomposition, Self‐doping and Polymorphism ChemCatChem 11(6), 1587-1592. https://doi.org/10.1002/cctc.201900069
  • Dilla, M., Becerikli, A.E., Jakubowski, A., Schlögl, R., Ristig, S. (2019). Development of a Tubular Continuous Flow Reactor for the Investigation of Improved Gas-Solid Interaction in Photocatalytic CO2 Reduction on TiO2 Photochemical & Photobiological Science 18, 314-318. https://doi.org/10.1039/C8PP00518D
  • Millet, M.-M., Algara-Siller, G., Wrabetz, S., Mazheika, A., Girgsdies, F., Teschner, D., Seitz, F., Tarasiv, A., Levchenko, S.V., Schlögl, R., Frei, E. (2019). Ni single atom catalysts for CO2 activation Journal of the American Chemical Society 141(6), 2251-2461. https://doi.org/10.1021/jacs.8b11729
  • Velasco-Vélez, J.J., Jones, T.E., Streibel, V., Hävecker, M., Chuang, C.-H., Frevel, L., Plodinec, M., Centeno, A., Zurutuza, A., Wand, R., Arrigo, R., Mom, R., Hofmann, S., Schlögl, R., Knop-Gericke, A. (2019). Electrochemically active Ir NPs on graphene for OER in acidic aqueous electrolyte investigated by in situ and ex situ spectroscopies Surface Science 681, 1-8. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.susc.2018.10.021
  • Schlögl, R. (2019). Put the Sun in the Tank: Future Developments in Sustainable Energy Systems Angewandte Chemie International Edition 58(1), 343-348. https://doi.org/10.1002/anie.201808799
  • Velasco-Vélez, J.-J., Jones, T., Gao, D., Carbonio, E., Arrigo, R., Hsu, C.-J., Huang, Y.-C., Dong, C.-L., Chen, J.-M., Lee, J.-F., Strasser, P., Roldan Cuenya, B., Schlögl, R., Knop-Gericke, A., Chuang, C.-H. (2019). The role of the copper oxidation state in the electrocatalytic reduction of CO2 into valuable hydrocarbons ACS Sustainable Chemistry & Engineering 7(1), 1485-1492. https://doi.org/10.1021/acssuschemeng.8b05106
  • Tesch, M.F., Bonke, S.A., Jones, T.E., Shaker, M.N., Xiao, J., Skorupska, K., Mom, R., Melder, J., Kurz, P., Knop-Gericke, A., Schlögl, R., Hocking, R., Simonov, A.N. (2019). Evolution of oxygen‐metal electron transfer and metal electronic states during Mn‐oxide catalyzed water oxidation revealed with in situ soft X‐ray spectroscopy Angewandte Chemie International Edition 131(11), 3464-3470. https://doi.org/10.1002/anie.201810825
  • Li, X., Teschner, D., Streibel, V., Lunkenbein, T., Masliuk, L., Fu, T., Wang, Y., Jones, T., Seitz, F., Girgsdies, F., Rosowski, F., Schlögl, R., Trunschke, A. (2019). How to control selectivity in alkane oxidation? Chemical Science 10(8), 2429-2443. https://doi.org/10.1039/c8sc04641g
  • Gu, Q., Ding, Y., Liu, Z., Lin, Y., Schlögl, R., Heumann, S., Su, D. (2019). Probing the intrinsic catalytic activity of carbon nanotubes for the metal-free oxidation of aromatic thiophene compounds in ionic liquids Journal of Energy Chemistry 32, 131-137. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jechem.2018.07.004
  • Marianski, M., Seo, J., Mucha, E., Thomas, D.A., Jung, S., Schlögl, R., Meijer, G., Trunschke, A., von Helden, G. (2019). Structural Characterization of Molybdenum Oxide Nanoclusters Using Ion Mobility Spectrometry-Mass Spectrometry and Infrared Action Spectroscopy The Journal of Physical Chemistry C 123(13), 7845-7853. https://doi.org/10.1021/acs.jpcc.8b06985
  • Wernbacher, A.M., Eichelbaum, M., Risse, T., Cap, S., Trunschke, A., Schlögl, R. (2019). Operando Electrical Conductivity and Complex Permittivity Study on Vanadia Oxidation Catalysts The Journal of Physical Chemistry C 123(13), 8005-8017. https://doi.org/10.1021/acs.jpcc.8b07417
  • Plodenic, M., Stotz, E., Sandoval-Diaz, L., Schlögl, R., Lunkenbein, T. (2019). Multimodal Operando Electron Microscopy Approach to Study Pt Catalyst During CO Oxidation Reaction Microscopy and Microanalysis 25(S2), 1448-1449. https://doi.org/10.1017/S1431927619007979
  • Rosol, C., Steininger, B., Renn, J. Schlögl, R. (2018). On the age of computation in the epoch of humankind Nature 563, 7733. https://www.nature.com/articles/d42473-018-00286-8
  • Rodenas, T., Beeg, S., Spanos, I., Neugebauer, S., Girgsdies, F., Algara-Siller, G., Schleker, P.P.M., Jakes, P., Pfänder, N., Willinger, M., Greiner, M., Prieto, G., Schlögl, R., Heumann, S. (2018). 2D Metal Organic Framework-Graphitic Carbon Nanocomposites as Precursors for High-Performance O2-Evolution Electrocatalysts Advanced Energy Materials 8(35), 1802404. https://doi.org/10.1002/aenm.201802404
  • Velasco-Vélez, J.-J., Teschner, D., Girgsdies, F., Hävecker, M., Streibe, V. Willinger, M.G., Cao, J., Lamoth, M., Frei, E., Wang, R., Centeno, A., Zurutuza, A., Hofmann, S., Schlögl, R., Knop-Gericke, A. (2018). The Role of Adsorbed and Subsurface Carbon Species for the Selective Alkyne Hydrogenation Over a Pd-Black Catalyst: An Operando Study of Bulk and Surface Topics in Catalysis 61(20), 2052-2061. https://doi.org/10.1007/s11244-018-1071-6 Correction: 2062-2062. https://doi.org/10.1007/s11244-018-1090-3
  • Millet, M., Frei, E., Algara-Siller, G., Schlögl, R., Tarasov, A. (2018). Surface titration of supported Ni catalysts by O2-pulse thermal analysis Applied Catalysis A: General 566, 155-163. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.apcata.2018.08.023
  • Streibel, V., Hävecker, M., Yi, Y., Velasco Vélez, J.J., Skorupska, K., Stotz, E., Knop-Gericke, A., Schlögl, R., Arrigo, R. (2018). In Situ Electrochemical Cells to Study the Oxygen Evolution Reaction by Near Ambient Pressure X-ray Photoelectron Spectroscopy Topics in Catalysis 61(20), 2064-2084. https://doi.org/10.1007/s11244-018-1061-8
  • Lin, Y., Wu, K.-H., Lu, Q., Gu, Q., Zhang, L., Zhang, B., Sheng Su, D., Plodinec, M., Schlögl, R., Heumann, S. (2018). Electrocatalytic Water Oxidation at Quinone-on-Carbon: A Model System Study Journal of the American Chemical Society 140(44), 14717-14724. https://doi.org/10.1021/jacs.8b07627
  • Deeberg, G., Oles, M., Schlögl, R. (2018). The Project Carbon2Chem® Chemie Ingenieur Technik 90(10), 1365-1368 https://doi.org/10.1002/cite.201800060
  • Masliuk, L., Swoboda, M., Algara-Siller, G., Schlögl, R., Lunkenbein, T. (2018). A quasi in situ TEM grid reactor for decoupling catalytic gas phase reactions and analysis Ultramicroscopy 195, 121-128. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ultramic.2018.09.001
  • Greiner, M.T., Jones, T.E., Beeg, S., Zwiener, L., Scherzer, M., Girgsdies, F., Piccinin, S., Armbrüster, M., Knop-Gericke, A., Schlögl, R. (2018). Free-atom-like d states in single-atom alloy catalysts Nature Chemistry 10, 1008-1015. https://doi.org/10.1038/s41557-018-0125-5
  • Schittkowski, J., Ruland, H., Laudenschleger, D., Girod, K., Kähler, K., Kaluza, S., Muhler, M., Schlögl, R. (2018). Methanol Synthesis from Steel Mill Exhaust Gases: Challenges for the Industrial Cu/ZnO/Al2O3 Catalyst Chemie Ingenieur Technik 90(10), 1419-1429. https://doi.org/10.1002/cite.201800017
  • Zwiener, L., Girgsdies, F., Schlögl, R., Frei, E. (2018). nvestigations of Cu/Zn Oxalates from Aqueous Solution: Single Phase Precursors and Beyond Chemistry – A European Journal 25(56), 15080-15088. https://doi.org/10.1002/chem.201803124
  • Cao, J., Wang, Z.-J., Huang, X., Rinaldi, A., Greiner, M., Moldovan, G., Joachimi, W., Schlögl, R., Willinger, M. (2018). The ESEM as In Situ Platform for the Study of Gas-Solid Interactions Microscopy and Microanalysis 24(S1), 344-345. https://doi.org/10.1017/S1431927618002210
  • Lukashuk, L., Yigit, N., Rameshan, R., Kolar, E., Teschner, D., Hävecker, M., Knop‑Gericke, A., Schlögl, R., Föttinger, K., Repprechter, G. (2018). Operando insights into CO oxidation on cobalt oxide catalysts by NAP-XPS, FTIR and XRD ACS Catalysis 8(9), 8630-8641. https://doi.org/10.1021/acscatal.8b01237
  • Klyushin, A.Y., Jones, T.E., Lunkenbein, T., Kube, P., Li, X., Hävecker, M., Knop-Gericke, A., Schlögl, R. (2018). Strong Metal Support Interaction as a key factor of Au activation in CO oxidation ChemCatChem 10(18), 3985-3989. https://doi.org/10.1002/cctc.201800972 
  • Huang, X., Liu, Z., Millet, M-M., Dong, J., Plodine, M., Ding, F., Schlögl, R., Willinger, M-G. (2018). In Situ Atomic-Scale Observation of Surface Tension Induced Structural Transformation of Ag-NiPx Core-Shell Nanocrystals ACS Nano 12(7), 7197-7205. https://doi.org/10.1021/acsnano.8b03106
  • Dimitrakopoulou, M., Huang, X., Kröhnert, J., Teschner, D., Praetz, S., Schlesiger, C., Malzer, W., Janke, C., Schwab, E., Rosowski, F., Kaiser, H., Schunk, S., Schlögl, R., Trunschke, A. (2018). Insights into structure and dynamics of (Mn,Fe)Ox-promoted Rh nanoparticles Faraday Discussions 208, 207-225. https://doi.org/10.1039/c7fd00215g
  • Saveleva, V.A., Wang, L., Teschner, D., Jones, T., Gago, A.S., Friedrich, K.A., Zafeiratos, S., Schlögl, R., Savinova, E.R. (2018). Operando Evidence for a Universal Oxygen Evolution Mechanism on Thermal and Electrochemical Iridium Oxides The Journal of Physical Chemistry Letter 9(11), 3154-3160. https://doi.org/10.1021/acs.jpclett.8b00810
  • Spanos, I., Neugebauer, S., Guterman, R., Yuan, J., Schlögl, R., Antonietti, M. (2018). Poly(ionic liquid) Binders as Ion conductors and Polymer Electrolyte Interface for Enhanced Electrochemical Performance of Water Splitting Electrodes Sustainable Energy & Fuels 2, 1446-1451. https://doi.org/10.1039/C8SE00110C
  • Düngen, P., Greiner, M., Böhm, K.H., Spanos, I., Huang, X., Auer, A.A., Schlögl, R., Heumann, S. (2018). Atomically dispersed vanadium oxides on multiwalled carbon nanotubes via atomic layer deposition: A multiparameter optimization Journal of Vacuum Science & Technology A 36(1), 01A126. https://doi.org/10.1116/1.5006783
  • Ding, Y., Klyushin, A., Huang, X., Jones, T., Teschner, D., Girgsdies, F., Rodenas, T., Schlögl, R., Heumann, S. (2018). Cobalt Bridged with Ionic Liquid Polymer on Carbon Nanotube for Enhanced Oxygen Evolution Reaction Activity Angewandte Chemie International Edition 57(13), 3514-3518. https://doi.org/10.1002/anie.201711688
  • Düngen, P., Schlögl, R., Heumann, S. (2018). Non-linear thermogravimetric mass spectrometry of carbon materials providing direct speciation separation of oxygen functional groups Carbon 130, 614-622. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.carbon.2018.01.047
  • Greiner, M.T., Cao, J., Jones, T.E., Beeg, S., Skorupska, K., Carbonio, E.A., Sezen, H., Amati, M., Gregoratti, L., Willinger, M.G., Knop-Gericke, A., Schlögl, R. (2018). Phase coexistence of multiple copper oxides on AgCu catalysts during ethylene epoxidation ACS Catalysis 8(3), 2286-2295. https://doi.org/10.1021/acscatal.7b04187
  • Heenemann, M., Heine, C., Hävecker, M., Trunschke, A., Schlögl, R. (2018). Influence of Steam on a Vanadyl Pyrophosphate Catalyst during Propane Oxidation Journal of Physical Chemistry B 122(2), 695-704. https://doi.org/10.1021/acs.jpcb.7b06314
  • Velasco-Vélez, J.J., Skorupska, K., Frei, E., Huang, Y.C., Dong, C.L., Su, B.J., Hsu, C.J., Chou, H.Y., Chen, J. M., Strasser, P., Schlögl, R., Knop-Gericke, A., Chuang, C.H. (2018). The Electro-Deposition/Dissolution of CuSO4 Aqueous Electrolyte Investigated by In Situ Soft X-ray Absorption Spectroscopy Journal of Physical Chemistry B 122(2), 780-787. https://doi.org/10.1021/acs.jpcb.7b06728
  • Straten, J.W., Schlecker., P., Krasowska, M., Veroutis, E., Granwehr, J., Auer, A.A., Hetaba, W., Becker, S., Schlögl, R., Heumann, S. (2018). N-Funtionalized Hydrothermal Carbon Materials using Urotropine as N-Precursor Chemistry - A European Journal 24(47), 12298-12317. https://doi.org/10.1002/chem.201800341
  • Deerberg, G., Oles, M., Schlögl, R. (2018). Sustainable solutions and technical Implementation on a large Scale are needed quickly to achieve the Climate Goals Chemie Ingenieur Technik 90(10), 1351. https://doi.org/10.1002/cite.201871002
  • Auer, A.A., Cap, S., Antonietti, M., Cherevko, S., Deng, X., Papakonstantinou, G., Sundmacher, K., Brüller, S., Antonyshyn, I., Dimitratos, N., Davis, R.J., Böhm, K.-H., Fechler, N., Freakley, S., Grin, Y., Gunnoe, B.T., Haj-Hariri, H., Hutchings, G., Liang, H., Mayrhofer, K.J.J., Müllen, K., Neese, F., Ranjan, C., Sankar, M., Schlögl, R., Schüth, F., Spanos, I., Stratmann, M., Tüysüz, H., Vidakovic-Koch, T., Yi, Y., Zangari, G. (2018). MAXNET Energy – Focusing Research in Chemical Energy Conversion on the Electrocatlytic Oxygen Evolution Energy Online https://doi.org/10.1515/energyo.0028.00079
  • Wang, F., Widmann, D., Heenemann, M., Diemant, T., Biskupek, J., Schlögl, R., Behn, R.J. (2017). The role of electronic metal-support interactions and its temperature dependence: CO adsorption and CO oxidation on Au/TiO2 catalysts in the presence of TiO2 bulk defects Journal of Catalysis 354, 46-60. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jcat.2017.07.029
  • Bukhtiyarova, M., Lunkenbein, T., Kähler, K., Schlögl, R. (2017). Methanol Synthesis from Industrial CO2 Sources: A Contribution to Chemical Energy Conversion Catalysis Letters 147(2), 416-427. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10562-016-1960-x
  • Velasco-Vélez, J.J., Jones, T.E., Pfeifer, V., Dong, C.L., Chen, Y.X., Chen, C.M., Chen, H.Y., Lu, Y.R., Chen, J.M., Schlögl, R., Knop-Gericke, A., Chuang, C.H. (2017). Trends in reactivity of electrodeposited 3d transition metals on gold revealed by operando soft X-ray absorption spectroscopy during water splitting Journal of Physics D - Applied Physics 50(2), 24002. https://doi.org/10.1088/1361-6463/50/2/024002
  • Hävecker, M., Düngen, P., Buller, S., Knop-Gericke, A., Trunschke, A., Schlögl, R. (2017). Restructuring of silica supported vanadia during propane oxidative dehydrogenation studied by combined synchrotron radiation based in situ soft X-ray absorption and photoemission Catalysis Structure and Reactivity 3, 104-111. https://doi.org/10.1080/2055074X.2017.1287535
  • Kaichev, V.V., Saraev, A.A., Gladky, A.Y., Prosvirin, I.P., Blume, R., Teschner, D., Hävecker, M., Knop-Gericke, A., Schlögl, R., Bukhtiyarov, V.I. (2017). Reversible Bulk Oxidation of Ni Foil During Oscillatory Catalytic Oxidation of Propane: A Novel Type of Spatiotemporal Self-Organization Physical Review Letters 119(2), 26001. https://doi.org/10.1103/PhysRevLett.119.026001
  • Willinger, E., Tarasov, A., Blume, R., Rinaldi, A., Timpe, O., Massué, C., Scherzer, M., Noack, J., Schlögl, R., Willinger, M.G. (2017). Characterization of the Platinum-Carbon Interface for Electrochemical Applications ACS Catalysis 7(7), 4395-4407. https://doi.org/10.1021/acscatal.7b00614
  • Spanos, I., Auer, A.A., Neugebauer, S., Deng, X.H., Tüysüz, H., Schlögl, R. (2017). Standardized Benchmarking of Water Splitting Catalysts in a Combined Electrochemical Flow Cell/Inductively Coupled Plasma-Optical Emission Spectrometry (ICP-OES) Setup ACS Catalysis 7(6), 3768-3778. https://doi.org/10.1021/acscatal.7b00632
  • Massué, C., Pfeifer, V., Huang, X., Noack, J., Tarasov, A., Cap, S., Schlögl, R. (2017). High-Performance Supported Iridium Oxohydroxide Water Oxidation Electrocatalysts ChemSusChem 10(9), 1943-1957. https://doi.org/10.1002/cssc.201601817
  • Massué, C., Huang, X., Tarasov, A., Ranjan, C., Cap, S., Schlögl, R. (2017). Microwave-Assisted Synthesis of Stable and Highly Active Ir Oxohydroxides for Electrochemical Oxidation of Water ChemSusChem 10(9), 1958-1968. https://doi.org/10.1002/cssc.201601864
  • Völter, J., Schlögl, R. (2017). 50 Years of German Catalysis Meetings: From Twin Roots to a Joint Success Story ChemCatChem, 9(4), 527-532. https://doi.org/10.1002/cctc.201700011
  • Schlögl, R. (2017). Catalysis 4.0 ChemCatChem 9(4), 533-541. https://doi.org/10.1002/cctc.201700026
  • Kube, P., Frank, B., Wrabetz, S., Kröhnert, J., Hävecker, M., Velasco-Vélez, J.J., Noack, J., Schlögl, R., Trunschke, A. (2017). Functional Analysis of Catalysts for Lower Alkane Oxidation ChemCatChem 9(4), 573-585. https://doi.org/10.1002/cctc.201601194
  • Ortega, K.F., Rein, D., Lüttmann, C., Heese, J., Özcan, F., Heidelmann, M., Folke, J., Kähler, K., Schlögl, R., Behrens, M. (2017). Ammonia Decomposition and Synthesis over Multinary Magnesioferrites: Promotional Effect of Ga on Fe Catalysts for the Decomposition Reaction ChemCatChem 9(4), 659-671. https://doi.org/10.1002/cctc.201601355
  • Massué, C., Pfeifer, V., van Gastel, M., Noack, J., Algara-Siller, G., Cap, S., Schlögl, R. (2017). Reactive Electrophilic OI- Species Evidenced in High-Performance Iridium Oxohydroxide Water Oxidation Electrocatalysts ChemSusChem 10(23), 4786-4798. https://doi.org/10.1002/cssc.201701291
  • Schumann, J., Kröhnert, J., Frei, E., Schlögl, R., Trunschke, A. (2017). IR-Spectroscopic Study on the Interface of Cu-Based Methanol Synthesis Catalysts: Evidence for the Formation of a ZnO Overlayer Topics in Catalysis 60(19-20), 1735-1743. https://doi.org/10.1007/s11244-017-0850-9
  • Pavlovic, Z., Ranjan, C., van Gastel, M., Schlögl, R. (2017). The active site for the water oxidising anodic iridium oxide probed through in situ Raman spectroscopy Chemical Communications 53(92), 12414-12417. https://doi.org/10.1039/c7cc05669a
  • Masliuk, L., Heggen, M., Noack, J., Girgsdies, F., Trunschke, A., Hermann, K.E., Willinger, M.G., Schlögl, R., Lunkenbein, T. (2017). Structural Complexity in Heterogeneous Catalysis: Cataloging Local Nanostructures Journal of Physical Chemistry C 121(43), 24093-24103. https://doi.org/10.1021/acs.jpcc.7b08333
  • Fan, H., Huang, X., Kähler, K., Folke, J., Girgsdies, F., Teschner, D., Ding, Y., Hermann, K., Schlögl, R., Frei, E. (2017). In-Situ Formation of Fe Nanoparticles from FeOOH Nanosheets on γ-Al2O3 as Efficient Catalysts for Ammonia Synthesis ACS Sustainable Chemistry and Engineering 5(11), 10900-10909. https://doi.org/10.1021/acssuschemeng.7b02812
  • Yi, Y.M., Weinberg, G., Prenzel, M., Greiner, M., Heumann, S., Becker, S., Schlögl, R. (2017). Electrochemical corrosion of a glassy carbon electrode Catalysis Today 295, 32-40. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.cattod.2017.07.013
  • Kubas, A., Noak, J., Trunschke, A., Schlögl, R., Neese, F., Maganas, D. (2017). A combined experimental and theoretical spectroscopic protocol for determination of the structure of heterogeneous catalysts: developing the information content of the resonance Raman spectra of M1 MoVOx Chemical Science 8(9), 6338-6353. https://doi.org/10.1039/c7sc01771e
  • Willinger, E., Massué, C., Schlögl, R., Willinger, M.G. (2017). Identifying Key Structural Features of IrOx Water Splitting Catalysts Journal of the American Chemical Society 139(34), 12093-12101. https://doi.org/10.1021/jacs.7b07079
  • Schlögl, R. (2017). E-Mobility and the Energy Transition Angewandte Chemie International Edition 56(37), 11019-11022. https://doi.org/10.1002/anie.201701633
  • Su, D.S., Wen, G., Wu, S., Peng, F., Schlögl, R. (2017). Carbocatalysis in Liquid‐Phase Reactions Angewandte Chemie International Edition 56(4), 936-964. https://doi.org/10.1002/anie.201600906
  • Chakrapani, K., Bendt, G., Hajiyani, H., Schwarzrock, I., Lunkenbein, T., Salamon, S., Landers, J., Wende, H., Schlögl, R., Pentcheva, R., Behrens, M., Schulz, S. (2017). Role of Composition and Size of Cobalt Ferrite Nanocrystals in the Oxygen Evolution Reaction ChemCatChem 9(15), 2988-2995. https://doi.org/10.1002/cctc.201700376
  • Düngen, P., Prenzel, M., Van Stappen, C., Pfänder, N., Heumann, S., Schlögl, R. (2017). Investigation of Different Pre-Treated Multi-Walled Carbon Nanotubes by Raman Spectroscopy Materials Sciences and Applications 8, 628-641 https://doi.org/10.4236/msa.2017.88044
  • Knop-Gericke, A., Pfeifer, V., Velasco-Vélez, J.J., Jones, T., Arrigo, R., Hävecker, M., Schlögl, R. (2017). In situ X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy of electrochemically active solid-gas and solid-liquid interfaces Journal of Electron Spectroscopy and Related Phenomena 221, 10-17. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.elspec.2017.03.010
  • Rudi, S., Teschner, D., Beermann, V., Hetaba, W., Can, L., Cui, C., Gliech, M., Schlögl, R., Strasser, P. (2017). pH-Induced versus Oxygen-Induced Surface Enrichment and Segregation Effects in Pt–Ni Alloy Nanoparticle Fuel Cell Catalysts ACS Catalysis 7(9), 6376-6384. https://doi.org/10.1021/acscatal.7b00996
  • Farra, R., Cao, J., Rinaldi, A., Wang, Z.-J., Willinger, E., Huang, X., Greiner, M., Schlögl, R., Willinger, M.-G. (2017). Multi-Scale Red-Ox Dynamics of Active Metal Catalysts Revealed by a Combination of In Situ Scanning and Transmission Electron Microscopy Microscopy and Microanalysis 23(Suppl 1), 922-923. https://doi.org/10.1017/S143192761700527X
  • Bernard, J., Köck, E.-M., Huber, R.G., Liedl, K.R., Call, L., Schlögl, R., Grothe, H., Loerting, T. (2017). Carbonic acid monoethyl ester as a pure solid and its conformational isomerism in the gas-phase RSC Advances 7, 22222-22233. https://doi.org/10.1039/C7RA02792C
  • Leitner, W., Quadrelli, E.A., Schlögl, R. (2017). Editorial: Harvesting renewable energy with chemistry Green Chemistry 19, 2307-2308. https://doi.org/10.1039/c7gc90045g
  • Pfeifer, V., Jones, T.E., Velasco-Vélez, J.J., Arrigo, R., Piccinin, S., Hävecker, M., Knop-Gericke, A., Schlögl, R. (2017). In situ observation of reactive oxygen species forming on oxygen-evolving iridium surfaces Chemical Science 8, 2143-2149. https://doi.org/10.1039/c6sc04622c
  • Pavlovic, Z., Ranjan, C., Gao, Q., van Gastel, M., Schlögl, R. (2016). Probing the Structure of a Water-Oxidizing Anodic Iridium Oxide Catalyst using Raman Spectroscopy ACS Catalysis 6(12), 8098-8105. https://doi.org/10.1021/acscatal.6b02343
  • Galván, C.A., Schumann, J., Behrens, M., Fierro, J.L.G., Schlögl, R., Frei, E. (2016). Reverse water-gas shift reaction at the Cu/ZnO interface: Influence of the Cu/Zn ratio on structure-activity correlations Applied Catalysis B - Environmental 195, 104-111. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.apcatb.2016.05.007
  • Delmonde, M.V.F., Sallum, L.F., Perini, N., Gonzalez, E.R., Schlögl, R., Varela, H. (2016). Electrocatalytic Efficiency of the Oxidation of Small Organic Molecules under Oscillatory Regime Journal of Physical Chemistry C 120(39), 22365-22374. https://doi.org/10.1021/acs.jpcc.6b06692
  • Lunkenbein, T., Girgsdies, F., Kandemir, T., Thomas, N., Behrens, M., Schlögl, R., Frei, E. (2016). Bridging the Time Gap: A Copper/Zinc Oxide/Aluminum Oxide Catalyst for Methanol Synthesis Studied under Industrially Relevant Conditions and Time Scales Angewandte Chemie International Edition 55(41), 12708-12712. https://doi.org/10.1002/anie.201603368
  • Velasco-Vélez, J.J., Davaasuren, B., Scherzer, M., Cap, S., Willinger, M., Guo, J.H., Schlögl, R., Knop-Gericke, A. (2016). Exploring the incorporation of nitrogen in titanium and its influence on the electrochemical corrosion resistance in acidic media Surface Science 650, 272-278. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.susc.2016.01.007
  • Johnson, B., Ranjan, C., Greiner, M., Arrigo, R., Schuster, M.E., Höpfner, B., Gorgoi, M., Lauermann, I., Willinger, M., Knop-Gericke, A., Schlögl, R. (2016). Characterization of Platinum and Iridium Oxyhydrate Surface Layers from Platinum and Iridium Foils ChemSusChem 9(13), 1634-1646. https://doi.org/10.1002/cssc.201600143
  • Velasco-Vélez, J.J., Pfeifer, V., Hävecker, M., Wang, R., Centeno, A., Zurutuza, A., Algara-Siller, G., Stotz, E., Skorupska, K., Teschner, D., Kube, P., Braeuninger-Weimer, P., Hofmann, S., Schlögl, R., Knop-Gericke, A. (2016). Atmospheric pressure X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy apparatus: Bridging the pressure gap Review of Scientific Instruments 87(5), 53121. https://doi.org/10.1063/1.4951724
  • Willinger, E., Yi, Y., Tarasov, A., Blume, R., Massué, C., Girgsdies, F., Querner, C., Schwab, E., Schlögl, R., Willinger, M.-G. (2016). Atomic-Scale Insight on the Increased Stability of Tungsten-Modified Platinum/Carbon Fuel Cell Catalysts ChemCatChem 8(8), 1575-1582. doi.org/10.1002/cctc.201600068
  • Buller, S., Heise-Podleska, M., Pfänder, N., Willinger, M., Schlögl, R. (2016). Carbon nanotubes as conducting support for potential Mn-oxide electrocatalysts: Influences of pre-treatment procedures Journal of Energy Chemistry 25(2), 265-271. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jechem.2016.01.022
  • Lee, J., Eiswirth, M., Schlögl, R. (2016). Preface: Surface analysis and dynamics Catalysis Today, 260, 1-2. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.cattod.2015.10.008
  • Maganas, D., Trunschke, A., Schlögl, R., Neese, F. (2016). A unified view on heterogeneous and homogeneous catalysts through a combination of spectroscopy and quantum chemistry Faraday Discussions 188, 181-197. https://doi.org/10.1039/c5fd00193e
  • Arrigo, R., Schuster, M.E., Abate, S., Giorgianni, G., Centi, G., Perathoner, S., Wrabetz, S., Pfeifer, V., Antonietti, M., Schlögl, R. (2016). Pd Supported on Carbon Nitride Boosts the Direct Hydrogen Peroxide Synthesis ACS Catalysis 6(10), 6959-6966. https://doi.org/10.1021/acscatal.6b01889
  • Mette, K., Kühl, S., Tarasov, A., Willinger, M.-G., Kröhnert, J., Wrabetz, S., Trunschke, A., Scherzer, M., Girgsdies, F., Düdder, H., Kähler, K., Ortega, K.F., Muhler, M., Schlögl, R., Behrens, M., Lunkenbein, T. (2016). High-Temperature Stable Ni Nanoparticles for the Dry Reforming of Methane ACS Catalysis 6(10), 7238-7248. https://doi.org/10.1021/acscatal.6b01683
  • Klyushin, A.Y., Greiner, M.T., Huang, X., Lunkenbein, T., Li, X., Timpe, O., Friedrich, M., Hävecker, M., Knop-Gericke, A., Schlögl, R. (2016). Is Nanostructuring Sufficient To Get Catalytically Active Au? ACS Catalysis 6(5), 3372-3380. https://doi.org/10.1021/acscatal.5b02631
  • Schlögl, R. (2016). Sustainable Energy Systems: The Strategic Role of Chemical Energy Conversion Topics in Catalysis 59(8-9), 772-786. https://doi.org/10.1007/s11244-016-0551-9
  • Pfeifer, V., Jones, T.E., Velasco-Vélez J.J., Massué, C., Arrigo, R., Teschner, D., Girgsdies, F., Scherzer, M., Greiner, M.T., Allan, J., Hashagen, M., Weinberg, G., Piccinin, S., Hävecker, M., Knop-Gericke, A., Schlögl, R. (2016). The electronic structure of iridium and its oxides Surface and Interface Analysis 48(5), 261-273. https://doi.org/10.1002/sia.5895
  • Schumann, J., Tarasov, A., Thomas, N., Schlögl, R., Behrens, M. (2016). Cu,Zn-based catalysts for methanol synthesis: On the effect of calcination conditions and the part of residual carbonates Applied Catalysis A - General 516, 117-126. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.apcata.2016.01.037
  • Pfeifer, V., Jones, T.E., Velasco-Vélez, J.J., Massué, C., Greiner, M.T., Arrigo, R., Teschner, D., Girgsdies, F., Scherzer, M., Allan, J., Hashagen, M., Weinberg, G., Piccinin, S., Hävecker, M., Knop-Gericke, A., Schlögl, R. (2016). The electronic structure of iridium oxide electrodes active in water splitting Physical Chemistry Chemical Physics 18(4), 2292-2296. https://doi.org/10.1039/c5cp06997a 
  • Pfeifer, V., Jones, T.E., Wrabetz, S., Massué, C., Velasco-Vélez, J.J., Arrigo, R., Scherzer, M., Piccinin, S., Hävecker, M., Knop-Gericke, A., Schlögl, R. (2016). Reactive oxygen species in iridium-based OER catalysts Chemical Science 7(11), 6791-6795. https://doi.org/10.1039/c6sc01860b

Functions, Memberships & Awards

Functions & Memberships

Honors & Awards

  • 2019 Eduard-Rhein-Kulturpreis
  • 2017 Ruhrpreis für Kunst und Wissenschaft der Stadt Mülheim a.d. Ruhr
  • 2017 ENI Award Energy Transition
  • 2016 Innovation Prize State North-Rhine Westphalia
  • 2015 Alwin Mittasch Award
  • 2013 Max Planck Communitas Award
  • 2010 Dechema Medal
  • 1994 Otto Bayer Prize
  • 1989 Schunck Award for Innovative Materials,
  • Fellow of the Royal Society of Chemistry, U.K.
  • Chairman of Chemisch-Physikalisch-Technische Sektion des Wissenschaftlichen Rates der Max-Planck-Gesellschaft, 2004-2006
  • Vice-Chairman of Chemisch-Physikalisch-Technische Sektion des Wissenschaftlichen Rates der Max-Planck-Gesellschaft, 2002-2003

Group Members

    Scientific staff

  • Dr. Raoul Blume
  • Dr. Michael Hävecker
  • Dr. Yang-Ming Lin
  • Dr. Justus Masa
  • Dr. Marc Müller
  • Dr. Jorge Iván Salazar Gómez
  • Dr. Julian Schittkowski
  • Dr. Juan-Jesus Velasco-Velez
  • Dr. Lin-Hui Yu
  • Dr. Aleksandar Zeradanin


  • Dr. Guillermo Álvarez Ferrero
  • Dr. Johannes Franz Peter Colell
  • Dr. Yuxiao Ding
  • Dr. Jan Markus Folke
  • Dr. Christian Fröse
  • Christoph Göbel
  • Dr. Jiayue He
  • Dr. Oliver Hegen
  • Dr. Walid Hetaba
  • Dr. Daniel Laudenschleger
  • Dr. Rachel Leanne Nicholls
  • Dr. Simon Ristig
  • Dr. Nuria Sánchez Bastardo
  • Dr. Peter Philipp Maria Schleker
  • Dr. Huiqing Song
  • Dr. Xiaoyan Sun
  • Dr. Marc Tesch


  • Sebastian Beeg
  • Dr. Anna Mechler
  • PhD students

  • Sabita Bhandari
  • Caroline Hartwig
  • Julia Menten
  • Praveen Vidusha Narangoda (IMPRS)
  • Heeyong Park
  • Lukas Pielsticker
  • Feihong Song
  • Scientific/technical staff

  • Christina Grünwald

    Lab staff

  • Dennis Ernst
  • Jan Niklas Filipp
  • Marius Heise-Podleska
  • Janina Jaspert
  • Gudrun Klihm
  • Christian Klucken
  • Natalia Kowalew
  • Lea Kreutzheide
  • John-Tommes Krzeslack
  • Dieter Oppenberg
  • Norbert Pfänder
  • Alina-Denise Rettke
  • Martha Sojka
  • Teresa Stamm
  • Tobias Stamm
  • Agnes Stoer
  • Johanna Taing

Heterogeneous Reactions

The energy challenge can be seen as the major challenge for today’s society and future generations. Chemistry plays a central role in the energy challenge, since most energy conversion systems work on (bio)chemical energy carriers and require for their use suitable process and material solutions. The enormous scale of their application demands optimization beyond the incremental improvement of empirical discoveries. For this reason we work on the development of knowledge-based systematic approaches in order to arrive at scalable and sustainable solutions.

Analysis of the processes that are essential to convert the current energy systems into sustainable systems indicates that the conversion of electricity into chemical energy is a critical process in the network of chemical energy conversion reactions. Both electrolysis and heterogeneous photochemical reactions are of relevance here. The difficult elementary steps are in the oxygen evolution reaction.

In a concerted effort the department develops a concept of carbon-based functional materials that operate in oxygen evolution either alone or doped with functional transition metal oxides. In parallel we study with advanced in-situ spectroscopic tools the reaction on performing systems with noble metals to learn about design requirements for systems operating with materials as used in the biological analogue. The resulting material solutions and synthesis tools will be transferred to catalytic processes binding primary hydrogen onto carrier molecules such as CO2 and N2 to arrive at practically useful solar fuels.

The work of the department is strictly knowledge-oriented to generate generic insight and solutions for synthesis and analysis of chemical energy conversion systems. Theory and molecular model studies with the other departments critically deepen our insight. The department engages into method development for operating advanced spectroscopic methods on heterogeneous and on homogeneous systems. Projects are performed in close collaboration with the Fritz-Haber-Institute of the Max Planck Society in Berlin.